Twenty million or more sperm per milliliter of semen is considered a normal sperm count, with at least 60 percent of those sperm having normal shape and motility. If you are having the sperm less than the fifteen million sperm per milliliter, then you are having ‘low sperm count’.
One of the major causes of infertility in India among the men is low sperm count. In India, the rising cases of infertility in recent years have impacted several families. Problems with conception, however, are no longer linked to the female but have largely become a result of male infertility. In fact, recent findings indicate that infertility affects an estimated 15% of couples globally, amounting to 48.5 million couples. Of these, males are found to be solely responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases and contribute to 50% of cases overall.
The reasons for these can be quite widespread including medical, environmental and a host of other factors. Erratic, sedentary and addictive lifestyles are playing a major role not just in men’s general health but their sexual and reproductive health as well.
Following are the common causes for low sperm count seen in India –
Diabetes: This is the main cause of increasing infertility rate in the men. Research shows that 31% of the men, who are suffering from the diabetes, also suffer from the infertility. The excessive amount of the sugar destroys the production of the sperms. As a result, there may be low sperm count.
High blood pressure: Anti-hypertensive medicines, beta blockers reduce semen volume, semen concentration and mobility that cause low sperm count in hypertensive patient
Obesity: The sperm production is adversely affected with the excessive amount of the fat. Excessive weight gain directly impacts the sperm and also establishes the need for the hormone alterations.
Hormonal imbalance: Hormonal imbalance occurs when the testosterone in the body is low. Sperm production is dependent upon the amount of the testosterone in the body. It acts as the crucial nutrient supplier in the sperm production.
Varicoceles: Varicoceles are the condition of the inflammation of the veins. This usually depletes the testicle. This is one of the strong reasons for male infertility. But this is linked to the irregular testicular heat regulation. This will lead to the decreased quality of the sperm
Excess alcohol consumption: Increased levels of alcohol in the body can lower testosterone levels, decreases sperm production. In addition, chronic ailments caused by excessive alcohol can also impact male infertility.
Smoking and other tobacco consumption: It has a direct impact on the sperm count. Men who smoke heavily may have decreased sperm quality and lower mobility thus affecting its ability to fertilize eggs.
Prescription drug abuse: Ingesting too many prescription drugs or steroids can affect the size of the testicles causing them to shrink and in turn decrease sperm production resulting in infertility. This can also affect the quality of the sperm being produced.
Excess stress: Chronic stress can impact hormone levels, sperm count and motility and the overall
Over exercising: Constant intense workouts, especially with heavy weights, can also impact infertility as excessive exercise can lower testosterone levels in the body thereby decreasing the sperm count.
High testicular temperature:
Sometimes, increased heat usually results in the low sperm count. Sitting down for the long period of time, wearing close fitting clothes and working on the laptop for the long period of time, usually increase temperature in the scrotum and lead to the low sperm count.
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